10 ha of passion
The Balter’s property is located at an altitude of 350 metres on the top of a hill above the town of Rovereto. The ten hectares of vineyards are all aggregated and an old wall define the old property. The position is excellent for wine cultivation, since, although located on a hill, it is actually a flat area, thus facilitating working on the fields. The vineyards are south facing: this arrangement allows them to be exposed to the sun from sunrise to sunset, without the obstruction of the surrounding mountains. The property is located in the middle of the Vallagarina valley, in the south of the Trentino region, and benefits every day from the influence of the nearby lake Garda, thanks to the Ora del Garda wind, that every afternoon blows from south to north.
The vineyards originally focused on red varieties, such as Cabernet Sauvignon and Schiava. Along the years different kinds of grapes were cultivated and white varieties were introduced. Since the nineties there is a mix of old and new vineyards. Nowadays the attention is focused on Chardonnay and Pinot Noir – used for the production of the traditional method – Lagrain, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon as red wines and Sauvignon as a white wine.
As far as vine training goes, the tradition of the Trentino region meet the French techniques. The Pergola Trentina constitutes almost half of the vineyard, while in the other half the implantations were modified and intensified in the nineties, when Guyot and Cordon training techniques were introduced. This choice was made to allow the plant to benefit more from the heat of the soil, therefore naturally hastening by ten days the ripening of the Cabernet Sauvignon. Secondly, this choice, was also made to improve the quality of the grapes, since from that moment they would have been produced independently.
The vineyards were thickened, inserting a new row among two that already existed – thus doubling the number of plants per hectare but keeping the production per hectare constant. Now as then, the winemakers take care of every single plant in order to limit its potential production, therefore having more juicy and tightened bunches.
This choice required a huge investment and the purchase of specific equipment. The plantation density is 1×1 meter, thus allowing to have up to 10,000 plants per hectare, those branches are located at about 40 cm from the soil.